Comparing the two studies reveals that organizations today are more confident in the security of cloud computing and have put in place better security practices around cloud use. Still, affirmative responses were only around half (50 percent) for questions involving cloud security best practices, confidence in cloud services and knowledge of the cloud services in use within an organization.
“While cloud computing is still one of the most disruptive and promising trends of the past decade, our study shows that cloud security struggles to get past a grade of 50 percent when it comes to best practices, including the percentage of organizations that say they engage their security teams in determining the use of cloud services,” said Mike Denning, general manager, Security, CA Technologies. “We believe that organizations can do better and gain the benefits of cloud computing by reducing risk and achieving that desired balance of protection and business enablement.”
The study provided several key insights:
• Cloud confidence and best practices are improving but further progress can be made. Positive survey responses only hovered around half (50 percent) for any given question around cloud security best practices, such as vetting services for security risk, engaging the security team in determining cloud service use and assessing how a cloud service could impact data security. In addition, while this statistic improved by five percent from the 2010 survey, only 50 percent of organizations are confident they know all the cloud services in use within their organization.
• Responsibility for cloud security is mixed with a bias toward end users and IT Security getting a pass. The survey shows a concerning lack of agreement remains regarding who has responsibility for cloud security. While some organizations expect their cloud services providers to ensure the security of SaaS and IaaS applications (36 percent and 22 percent, respectively), a significant amount of the responsibility is assigned to companies’ end-users (31 percent for SaaS; 21 percent for IaaS), and very little responsibility was assigned to IT Security (eight percent for SaaS and 10 percent for IaaS). This relinquishment of responsibility points to a lack of clarity around ownership, which may lead to gaps in security processes and governance.
• Users prefer hybrid identity and access management (IAM) security solutions. Sixty-four percent of survey respondents would prefer a hybrid IAM implementation that supports both on-premise and cloud-based applications.
“Confidence in and best practices for the security of cloud computing is improving but not as significantly as one might have expected since our 2010 study,” said Dr. Larry Ponemon, chairman and founder, Ponemon Institute. “Our latest study offers organizations new data that should spark them to examine their own internal practices which could result in improvements in how they adopt and secure cloud services and applications.”
• Full report: Access the full Ponemon Research: 2013 Security of Cloud Computing Users Study
• Highlights: View key takeaways in this infographic
• (ISC)² Webcast: The State of Cloud Security 2013. Featuring speakers from Ponemon Institute and CSA
• Blog: Cloud Security Improving, But IT Leadership Lacking
• Resource page: Who’s Minding Your Cloud? news, whitepapers, webcasts and more
About the Study
The study was commissioned by CA Technologies and conducted by the Ponemon Institute, an independent research firm specializing in privacy, data protection and information security policy. It surveyed 748 IT and IT security practitioners located in the United States. The majority of respondents (64 percent) were at the supervisor level or higher in their organizations with total IT or data security experience averaging 10 years. The majority of respondents self-reported they were responsible for setting priorities, selecting vendors and contractors, and managing budgets. Seventy percent said they worked in organizations with a headcount of more than 5,000 people. The survey and analysis were completed at the end of 2012.